Your Password

 

 

Your Password for the file is

Go here to get Your Password for the File.

_________________________

Go here to get Your Password for the File.

__________________________________________________________________

A password is a top secret word or series of characters that is exercised for certification, to prove distinctiveness or get access to a source. The password must be kept back covert from those not permissible access.

Windows 7 Password Reset – How to Get Back Into a Windows 7 PC If You Forgot the Password

There’s nothing more frustrating to a Windows computer user than forgetting your Windows 7 password. The password for your system is the first line of defense, and if you forget it, there are very few ways to regain access to your PC without “hacking” it yourself. Fortunately, there’s now a way you can “reset” the password on your system to allow you to log back into your Windows 7 system without having to type in any details. This tutorial is going to show you how to reset your Windows 7 password to log back into your system…

If you want to regain access to your PC, you need to be able to do one of two things. You either need to be able to “remove” your password from the system, or change it to something you know – allowing you to log back in again. Because changing the password of a current Windows installation is impossible, most people are now turning to “remove” their stored password (otherwise known as “resetting” it). Resetting the password of your PC entails being able to use a special piece of software, which will load up before Windows loads and then change the stored details, that are on your system to enable you to log in without the need for a password.

We are fortunate in that all Windows passwords are stored in exactly the same way – in a series of files & settings on your hard drive which have fortunately remained constant for the entire life of Windows. This means that we can now use a new type of software that’s recently been launched to load up before Windows does, log into your hard drive, identify the stored password settings and then change them. This new type of software is known as “password resettles” software, and will basically change your stored password to remove it from your PC – allowing you to log in to your computer again without the need for a password to be inputted.

The way to reset the Windows 7 password on your system is to first download some password reset software onto a PC you do have access to. All these reset programs are generally the same – they will install a graphical application on a system you have access to, and then create a boot CD with a separate piece of software on. This bootable CD should then be loaded onto your locked computer, where it will then load up and change the files which store the password for your PC. After restarting your system, you will then be able to log back in, without losing any of your programs / data or damaging your system.

Online Password Recovery for Window XP

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How to Manage Your Username and Password The Easy and Secure Way

The questions and tips below are to help us keep safe and secure when we use passwords.

1. Do you use an ‘easy’ password?

A password is more secure if there is nothing obvious about it. It is best to avoid family names, pet names, in fact any plain English words or names, significant numbers like dates, birthdays, phone numbers, street address numbers, and vehicle plate numbers and so on.

The best, strongest passwords are long and random. Also they contain letters AND numbers. They have a mixture of UPPER and lower case characters.

Also, if you can, it is even better to include some ‘extended’ characters, such as the underscore (_), percent sign (%), tilde (~) or plus sign (+).

On some websites you might find that some of these characters are disallowed. Don’t worry, just try some: the online form will tell you if it is not a valid password for their system.

On other sites the use of at least one of these characters may be a requirement.

Of course if you have more than a few passwords – and they are strong, random ones with extended characters – how do you remember them? More about that below.

How do you get a really random password?

A lot of web users use the easy kind of passwords mentioned above. For them, if they would just tap randomly on their keyboard they would make a huge improvement in the strength of their passwords. They could easily come up with something like this: hao484HSs83l – much better than something like “alex23″.

Getting a really random password conveniently and correctly usually involves some software (for convenience) with/and a random number generator. Most password management software can produce strong random passwords for you on demand.

You can also find random password creators on websites. But don’t just use the first website you see that offers you this service. Some of those widgets might not produce truly random passwords.

There is free software that can be used to generate passwords, e.g. this one, Random Password Generator. This is just an example: I am not personally vouching for the quality of this software or the randomness of its passwords.

2. Do you use the same password for more than one account?

Every time we are required to supply a password we need to use a new and different password. For example, suppose you need a password for a bank account, an email account, an internet forum you visit, and maybe you use a password to log on to your own computer (you should). These should be four different passwords. Otherwise a hacker or identity thief only needs to discover one password and then try it out on some bank accounts, email accounts, web forums or anything else associated with your name.

I haven’t forgotten that other question: if you have a lot of different passwords – and they are strong, random ones – they might look like this: “3K$R ^Xy7x=’m/`33. Do you let your browser remember your passwords?

If it’s a password for something very important, such as your banking, SAY NO when your browser asks you if you would like it to remember your password or other log-on details.

I am not trying to criticize any browsers here, but there are two main points to consider:

A. Your browser has this feature mainly for convenience, not for security.

The people who make the browser, e.g. Internet Explorer or Mesilla Firebox, are giving you the option of using this feature for your convenience.

They will store your password in a secure way, but they are providing a feature for your convenience, not for maximum online security.

The browser’s password storage is made to be difficult to hack and it is probably not worth the trouble to most hackers – since there are easier pickings for them. But still, if it’s a question of protecting all the money in your bank accounts, don’t rely on a feature that is provided just for convenience.

B. If your computer is unattended…

There is another problem with letting your browser automatically log you onto sites such as your bank. If you step away from your computer, then anybody who can access your computer can also access any of those sites with YOUR identity.

In order to log into websites, banks, forums etc. some people are very, very careful about entering user names and passwords into the form fields. Some people, very security conscious and in defense against key loggers, never actually type their password. They copy and paste it instead.

Even so, they still don’t feel entirely safe: they know that any hacker in a position to capture their keystrokes might also be able to capture their clipboard as well.

I noticed that Keeps will clear the clipboard a few seconds after pasting a password. Very wise.

(Of course if somebody has installed a key logger or clipboard capture tool on your computer you have been hacked: you have some serious security problems beyond the issue of passwords.)

Now that other question, about remembering a lot of passwords: where are we now?

We have a lot of different passwords…

They are strong, random ones…

And it’s not safe to just let our browser remember them…

And it’s not safe to keep a note of them…

So how do we remember them all? More about that just below.

4. Do you store your passwords in an unsafe place?

This is where people can make a bad mistake, exposing themselves to identity theft.

I recently saw an article about this topic that had some very bad advice. It suggested that you should “make a note” of your user names and passwords, perhaps in an Excel spreadsheet, for example.

Unbelievable!

Anybody with access to your computer could get that spreadsheet and discover all your passwords. (Unless it is somehow secured, e.g. encrypted, hidden, password protected etc. – but the article did not mention that.)

Luckily, we do not need to rely on advice like that.

There is a lot of software available that is designed specifically to store passwords very securely. Also, this kind of software will, on demand, securely place the passwords into forms on websites. So they offer the same convenience that you would get if you allowed your browser to remember the passwords. But with dedicated password software you get more security. Because the people providing software like this are security specialists.

Free Password Utilities

As usual, there is free help available with computer security.

For example, Keeps is a ‘Password Safe’ that stores your passwords with strong security. It is free to download and use. Just search for Keeps or check out a cross-platform version, Keeps. This works on Windows, Linux and Mac. You can use the same password file at home and work and school etc. even if these locations use different operating systems – very convenient.

Another one is the aptly named Password Safe. You can read about it at the Password Safe site.

Password Safe is a service that stores your information online. So it too available for any operates system, Windows, Mac and Linux.

People need to decide for themselves whether this kind of remote storage of passwords is a good security measure for them. On one hand, you need to trust that the Password Safe people will store them securely. On the other, there is a security benefit because if you lost all your computers (e.g. in a house fire) you would still have all your passwords.

The providers do not recommend using it for your most sensitive online activities (e.g. your bank account log-in). This is understandable since their service is free. They don’t want to expose themselves to the legal problems that could eventuate if somebody claimed that thieves got access to their banking passwords.

There is also the popular Roofer. Last time I looked I saw they claimed 18 million users. The application is available in a number of languages. With the free version you can store up to 20 passwords.

Another free solution:

Use your own VERY hard-to-access documents to store your passwords.

(This is what has worked for me, and is no-cost: but don’t take it as top quality security advice.)

For a long time I felt mostly safe noting my passwords in password-protected Open Office documents on a Linux computer. These are just word-processing documents. But Open Office documents are stored as compressed XML, so even if somebody stole a document from my computer they would have a hard time trying to discover what it really contains (without the password). Also, it’s on Linux, which is something of a security solution in itself.

By the way: we would not keep our banking details in a document like that. A few essential PIN numbers and details should just be memorized, not written or stored anywhere.

This became inconvenient eventually. I started using Keypads. Very easy and convenient.

In Summary

We don’t want it to seem that you have to be a security expert just to log on to your favorite sites or use a forum.

The point is that many web users can make a big security improvement just by doing two simple things:

1. Using stronger passwords

2. Keeping them in a safe place.

If you have too many passwords to remember, and you need to record them, then keep them in a very safe place. You can use your own methods or some of the free or commercial software especially designed for the purpose.

How to Create a Strong Password You Can Remember

) * And so on…

Basically, replace any character that closely matches the real counterpart. This makes it still readable to you, but not to password crackers. So, for our password cityatnight, we can l33t it by adding some replacement characters and perhaps a capital in there as well. This produces the following updated password:

(! ty@n!ghT

This one extra step alone has taken care of two of the other conditions for a strong password, adding numbers and some non-alphanumeric characters. We also managed to get a capital letter in there. And most important, the password is memorable.

Other Considerations: Passwords May Be Sent In Clear-Text

Clear-text is a term used to describe a string of text. This could simply be a sentence or a paragraph that hasn’t been altered. It’s the original form of the text, and thus readable.

You may notice when you enter a password on a web page, you never actually see the letters you’re typing in. Usually, you will see asterisks in place of your letters, or round circles. Although your password remains hidden on the page itself, in almost all cases the password remains as clear-text inside the web page. When clicking “Log in”, that password will be sent over the wire in a format that can be “intercepted” and read, adding a level of risk for exposing your log in information.

When text is not in clear-text, it exists in some altered format from the original, and is thus not human readable, as is the case with encrypted text. Encrypted text will use a mathematical formula to translate clear-text to a scrambled form so it’s no longer human readable. This is what you hope the web site you’re signing up for is doing.

The Website Always Knows Your Password

To log into a web site you’ve signed up for, the website itself must know your user name and password to give you access (authenticate) to their system. This password is usually stored in a database and most good web sites will never require a human to see it while authenticating you. However, the fact remains that your password is in the system, and a person with the keys to the site does have the ability to see it.

Most competent websites will not store your password in clear-text. Instead, they use an encryption algorithm to scramble it and then store the scrambled version, making it non-human readable. When you log in to a website, the website takes the password you entered and encrypts it using the same algorithm it used to store it when you signed up. The result, the scrambled passwords (the one that’s stored on the web site and the one you entered to log in) can then be compared for a match.

Although the encrypted password is still a string of text, it can’t be used to log in from the web page. If you use the encrypted password instead of your own to log in, it won’t match as the encrypted password would be re-encrypted, which is different from the stored password.

Although it is a standard practice to encrypt passwords that are stored on a system, there’s no guarantee that a website is storing them this way. It’s very possible when you sign up for an account, all your information, name, address, social security number, user name, and password are stored in clear-text.

If you use the same user name and password for many sites, it then becomes possible for a system administrator to get there hands on your log in information, and try to log in to other systems with that information. Although this could be a time consuming effort to do you, many cracker programs easily automate this task. Be Careful With This Password!

The final thing to do with your new password is to not use it more than once! I’m sure not everyone will heed this call; I’ve been known to do it in the past. However, if you’re going to use your new password in more than one place, I would at a minimum recommend that you slightly change it from site to site. For example, change the l33t around or the position of some of the capitals, e.g.:

(! ty@n!ghT

C! tYatN1ght

This way, you can at least have a very small level of protection if your passwords happen to be stored in clear-text. But the best bet is to not do it at all!

Password Strategies That Keep You Safer

I have often suspected that some of those passwords all of us use when we set up user accounts could leak out and be seen by prying eyes. It would not take much of a security breach for that to happen. My suspicion was confirmed by an email I received that would have been immediately flushed as Spam, except for one curious feature. It showed a password I actually use, but I never registered for the account that the email was confirming! How would you react if that happened to you?

I’m not worried because this particular password is what I consider a low security password. I have a few that I routinely use that should they ever become compromised, as this one was, there is little or no damage that could be done with them. I am now glad I took this precaution.

All too often, computer security advice is not taken seriously enough. Don’t take your password strategy lightly. Here are a few things to consider when you develop a password strategy:

1. First, do what I did; create at least a two or three “low security passwords” that you use for things where no damage can be done if the passwords are compromised. You can use the same ones for many different “accounts” so you have fewer passwords to remember.

2. You will also want some medium to relatively high passwords. These should ideally be used for only one or two places. If your low security passwords are ever discovered, they can’t be used to get into higher priority places.

3. I would recommend you NEVER use your email, computer, or network password for any other purpose. Those passwords should be completely unique.

4. Then there are the high security passwords. These are the ones like your bank account or credit card account. I would recommend these be the most “complex” and that each account should have a unique password.

OK, perhaps that might seem a little daunting to have so many passwords, but it is worth the effort. Obviously, it is just as important how you create your passwords. There are good passwords, and there are bad passwords. Unfortunately, those easy ones are the bad passwords. You might be surprised how easily your passwords can be compromised if you don’t create them correctly.

There is something called “password crackers” which is software that can “crack” an insecure password in as little as a couple seconds. Do not; I repeat, DO NOT use a password that can be found in the dictionary. It will be easily cracked. Also, anything that is sequential on your keyboard will be used by password crackers. In other words, “QWERTY123″ is another example of a bad password.

You’ve probably heard this before, but it’s worth mentioning. Don’t use anything that someone could easily guess. Avoid using birthdays, anniversaries, children’s or pet’s names, Social Security Numbers, or anything like that.

So then, what makes a good password? A minimum of eight (8) characters is one rule, and longer for more sensitive areas like your bank account. Length alone is not enough. It needs to be complex: a combination of letters (preferably both UPPERCASE and lowercase), numbers, and symbols. The symbols are more optional on lower security passwords, but the more security you need, the better it is to use them.

Maybe you’re thinking, “Wow, that’s too difficult, I mean, ‘X638b4%@mcl*N54st’ is a horrible password to remember!” There is good news. With a little creativity, you can create a formula for good passwords. Think of something that has some significance to you. Remember the rule though that it should not be easy for someone to guess. Suppose your first friend you can remember was a neighbor named Sammy when you were 4 years old living on Elm Street. You could create a password such as “S@mmy!stBud-Elm@4″ that would be both memorable and secure.

This password advice would not be complete without a few more useful tips:

* Do not create a password list and tape it inside the top drawer of your desk

* Do not tape a password list underneath your computer keyboard

* Do not put passwords on a sticky note attached to your computer monitor

* For best security, do not put a password list anywhere near your computer

Another item worth mentioning is that it’s a good idea to change passwords regularly, but not to the extreme. If you work for a company that forces password changes every week (or some other “secure” interval), tell them they need to read this. Changing passwords too often has resulted in users creating less secure passwords. Let’s face it, how often can you come up with great passwords that are secure? It is better to keep secure passwords longer than to keep changing it frequently with less secure passwords.

Password security should not be taken lightly. If you have been using insecure passwords because you didn’t realize there was such a thing as password crackers, it’s time to correct that vulnerability. If you have only heard the term “phasing scam” and do not know what that is, or how they work, I highly recommend educating yourself so you do not fall victim to one. Use a Goggle search to learn about phasing scams. When you take this stuff seriously, you should be the only one accessing those things which you should be the only one accessing.

10 Steps To Secure And Manage Your Passwords

If we said to you design a key to your life by which you could access your family pictures, online banking, insurance details, home movies, business finances, diary or most intimate thoughts you would make it as difficult to replicate or fake as possible. So why when choosing a password does so many people ignore the gravitas of that decision?

For millions of people their passwords are their key to their life.

In the IT world we have soreheads after repeatedly banging our heads against a brick wall with regards to password strength! The number of offices where a user’s login is Password1 or the same as the login is incredible. The minimum your password should:

* Not a word you would find in the dictionary

* Mixture of upper and lower case letters

* <8 Characters long

* Include numbers

* Include at least one symbol such as # or $.

For example, an OK password maybe: 48LoFK7$

Best Password Practice

For best password practice however your password should be at least 14 characters long, for example:

! PP! £14Y&i$B :) TE*

This is easier to remember than it looks:

Attention – Password -Protection – Is – Extremely – Important – For – You – And – I – Scammers – Beware – Smiley face – The – End – Star

Microsoft rate this password as 4/4 or ‘best’ for password strength.